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Coming soon to California…REAL ID

Real IDCalifornia will offer REAL ID cards beginning January 22, 2018. Do you need a REAL ID card? Here are the answers to common questions about REAL ID.

What is REAL ID?

The REAL ID Act of 2005 requires state-issued driver’s licenses and personal ID cards to meet certain standards in order to be accepted by a federal agency. This includes domestic air travel and entry to military bases and many federal facilities. The DMV will offer federally compliant REAL ID cards beginning January 22, 2018.

How does it affect me?

TSA will begin requiring REAL ID-compliant driver’s licenses or other acceptable form of identification on October 1, 2020. Other TSA-approved forms of ID such as U.S. passports will still be accepted. See TSA’s website for a complete list of accepted forms of ID.

According to the DMV, you will not need a REAL ID to do the following:

  • Drive
  • Apply for or receive federal benefits (Veterans Affairs, Social Security Administration, etc.)
  • Enter a federal facility that does not require ID (i.e. a post office)
  • Visit a hospital or receive life-saving services

(DMV, REAL ID Act.)

You will also not need a REAL ID to vote, register to vote, “participate in law enforcement proceedings,” or access “constitutionally protected activities (including a defendant’s access to court proceedings).” Department of Homeland Security, Real ID Frequently Asked Questions for the Public.

How do I apply for a REAL ID?

Beginning January 22, 2018, the DMV will offer REAL ID driver’s licenses and ID cards. The following steps are required by the DMV:

  • Make an appointment to visit a [DMV] field office on or after January 22, 2018.
  • Provide proof of identity, such as a U.S. birth certificate, U.S. passport, employment authorization document, permanent resident card or foreign passport with an approved form I-94.
  • Show a California residency document.
  • Present proof of your Social Security number.

(DMV, Real ID Act.)

I heard that the State of California was not in compliance with the REAL ID Act. What does that mean?

California is not in compliance with REAL ID. It was granted an extension by the Department of Homeland Security, and therefore California driver’s licenses and IDs may be used for domestic air travel until October 1, 2020.

What if I hold a driver’s license or ID from a state other than California?

Information on state compliance is available on the Department of Homeland Security website, https://www.dhs.gov/real-id.

Where can I find more information on REAL ID?

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San Francisco on the Cutting Edge of Robot Legislation: How Will We Handle Robots?

San Francisco Law Library - How Will We Handle Robots?

Image adapted from “Dr Who Cybermen” by Chad Kainz which is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Two of the Supervisors on the San Francisco Board of Supervisors are looking at local robot legislation. Supervisor Jane Kim has recently proposed a type of automation tax on companies that use robots. Supervisor Kim says she was inspired for this new possible tax by an interview of Bill Gates in Quartz Magazine where he proposed a robot tax. The thinking: If you make robots more expensive, there will be more public funds to help retrain workers, and the higher cost might keep some companies from buying robots and quickly tanking the employment rate. Kim is wondering after reading the Gates article if a robot tax would help the city deal with inequality. According to a Fast Company article, Kim believes we “need to think about investments in our society that don’t exacerbate the wealth and income gaps that we already see today.”

Supervisor Kim is now setting up a working group to see how an automation or robot tax would be implemented. She hopes to have wide raging representatives from academia, unions, tech companies and manufactures. Supervisor Kim hopes the monies raised could be dedicated to education expenses and even slow things down enough so that government and businesses could enact policies that help people with the transition.

sanfranciscolawlibrary_c3po

Yee’s legislation was sparked by seeing robots around the city. PS-C3PO in his footsteps” by Gordon Tarpley is licensed under CC BY 2.0

Meanwhile Supervisor Norman Yee is proposing a total ban on a certain type of robot. Autonomous robots would be banned from roaming the sidewalks and public right-of-ways around San Francisco under new legislation introduced by Supervisor Yee. Supervisor Yee, who represents San Francisco’s District 7, said his legislation was sparked by seeing robots around the city and realizing there’s not a way to regulate them for pedestrian safety, especially for seniors and the mobility challenged. An article in the San Francisco Business Times states that Yee “initially wanted to explore a way to craft regulations that would help keep pedestrians safe as they increasingly share the sidewalks with autonomous robots,” but after talking with several city departments he “didn’t see any viable ways to enforce that.”

The legislation would allow for criminal, civil and administrative penalties for violating the ban. The administrative penalty would be capped at $1,000 per day. If the proposal is approved by the Board of Supervisors and signed by the mayor, it would take effect 30 days later. Supervisor Yee says he does not want to stifle innovation but the safety of people on the sidewalks is of overwhelming concern.

Once again, the City of San Francisco is on the cutting edge of legislating the future.


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Proposed Cannabis Regulations Now Posted

4.28 Cannabis

The California Bureau of Medical Cannabis (BMCR) is the lead agency regulating the cannabis industry in California. Today the BMCR has posted its proposed licensing regulations for medical cannabis and the 45-day public comment period is now underway.

There will also be four public hearings on the proposed regulations. You can review the regulations and come to a hearing near you to provide feedback. The hearings are being held in June in Eureka, LA, Sacramento, and San Jose. For full details, see the BCMR’s Notice of Proposed Rulemaking.

If you can’t attend one of the sessions, you can still get involved by following the steps on this website: http://www.bmcr.ca.gov/about_us/documents/17-065_public_comment.pdf.

If you’re interested in reviewing the medical regulations for licensing dispensaries, distribution, and transporters, you can visit the new Cannabis Web Portal. This new site also has cultivation regulations and manufacturing regulations for medical cannabis.

For more cannabis law info, check in with this blog and stay tuned for a Cannabis LibGuide from the Library. In the meantime, don’t forget to check out the rest of our excellent research guides!